Географический факультет МГУ
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CONTENTS №1 - 2011

Theory and methodology

  • Baburin V.L. Duo-spatial model of the territorial organization of society

New approach to the analysis and modeling of self-organization processes in large territorial natural-economic systems is suggested based on the integration of a traditional factor model of productive forces allocation and a model of innovation diffusion. The integral model makes it possible to describe the entirety of processes of territorial organization at different stages of the innovation cycle. The results of model testing for sugar industry and sell communication are discussed.

  • Smirnyagin L.V. Megaregions as a new form of the territorial organization of society

    A new trend of close functional integration of neighboring agglomerations into vast megaregions arises in the global urbanization process. According to R. Florida, there are already 40 megaregions in the world which account for less than 20% of the world’s population and, at the same time, for two thirds of the global gross product, about 90% of leading scientists and nearly 90% of patents. The progress of this form could change the territorial pattern of the modern society. It gradually becomes an entirety of large self-sufficient units concentrating a fair share of the spatial division of labor. This is caused mainly by the rapid growth of non-manufacturing sector (service industries) with direct consumption of products in the place of their production. The present-day economic geography (both in Russia and abroad) doesn’t provide timely response to these changes.

Methods of geographical studies

  • Baldina E.A., Chesnokova O.A. Radar sensing of the Earth for geographical investigations 

Radar imagery is used for studying the Earth for more than 40 years. At present technical means of radar sensing, methods of radar imagery processing and relevant software are rapidly improved. Publications on radar images and their application for geographical investigations were summarized and the most rapidly developing radar interferometry deserved special attention. Numerous examples of using radar information for studying and monitoring different natural and technogenic processes are discussed.

  • Kokin O.V. Geological and geomorphologic effects of surging glaciers 

Present-day knowledge about geological and geomorphologic effects of surging glaciers is reviewed basing mainly on foreign publications. Genesis of such forms as push-moraines, “crevasse-fill” ridges, concertina eskers, fluted moraine and hummocky moraine is discussed in brief. Possible use of these forms as indicators of paleosurges is evaluated. Further studies of geological and geomorphologic effects of surging glaciers are necessary, as well as the elaboration of efficient diagnostic criteria to identify paleosurges.

  • Lopatin D.V. Geomorphologic indication of deep ore-bearing structural forms 

Techniques of the investigation of geomorphologic infrastructure of deep lithosphere non-uniformities of different organizational levels are described. The procedures include both the ordinary tonometric modeling on images and examination of complex interactions of tonometric, morphostructural, geophysical and geochemical anomalies analyzed in quantitative terms. Application of the procedures at the megastructural level of complex modeling could provide unexpected new results on the genesis and location of new potentially ore-bearing areas. At the level of small structural forms the procedures could be applied to prospect for new productive structural units within already developed ore-bearing areas.

Regional studies

  • Dikarev V.A. About the Phanagorian regression of the Black Sea 

The most questionable episode of the Black Sea-Azov Sea basin, i.e. the I millennium B.C., is discussed. It was the period of mass Greek colonization which took part under paleogeographic situation of the so-called Phanagorian regression when the sea level drastically lowered by 2 to 12 m. The same period was characterized by the general sea level rise for the Mediterranean Sea. The analysis of eustatic curves drawn for different parts of the coast and the location of ancient settlements has led the author to the conclusion about misrecognition of the Phanagorian regression. According to the curves representing the changes for the Mediterranean Sea the regressive stage took place in-between the I and the II millennia B.C. It probably correlated with the Phanagorian regression described for the Black Sea-Azov Sea basin. Misdating and miscalling of the regression could be attributed to loosy calculations and imperfect procedures applied by the Russian scientists.

  • Demidov A.N., Myslenkov S.A., Gritsenko V.A., Chugayevich V.Ya., Sultanov P.A., Pisareva M.N., Silverstova K.P., Polukhin A.A. Specific features of water structure and dynamics within the coastal part of the Baltic Sea near the Sambian Peninsula

Water structure and dynamics within the coastal part of the Baltic Sea near the Sambian Peninsula are studied using the observation data. Thermohaline structure and parameters of the thermocline and mixed layer were determined for several areas near the coast. Current velocities and directions were measured within several sections under varying wind situations. The results of measurements were compared with satellite data for the period of a local upwelling event. The findings could become an important contribution to the marine part of the GIS which is under development for the Kaliningrad oblast.
 

  • Antonova M.M. Complex assessment of hydrogeological disasters within the Volga River basin 

The problem of population and economy security against the growing damage from natural disasters has recently gained an increasingly higher interest. The article deals with the principal hydrogeological disasters within the Volga River basin. Procedures of evaluation of these phenomena in terms of the risk degree are suggested. Their cumulative impact on safe nature management within vast areas differing in the set of hydrogeological disasters and their intensity is evaluated.

  • Yumina N.M., Kuksina L.V. Forecasted and calculated river discharge in the Kuban River basin

A system of procedures for the short-term forecasting of water discharge and level has been elaborated for the Kuban River basin. It provides for mathematical description of the movement and transformation of summer and spring flood waves in the channel network basing on the hydrometeorological observation data. A system of procedures for the long-term forecasting of the monthly river discharge during the winter low-water period could be applied for the optimization of water management planning within the Kuban River basin.

History of science

  • Yanvareva L.F. History of cartographic representation techniques   

Jubilees

  • Jubilee of Valentina Fedorovna Maksimova
  • Jubilee of Irina Mikhailovna Kuzina 
  • To the 90th birthday of Emil Borisovich Valev 
  • To the 80th birthday of Evgeny Naumovich Pertsik 
  • To the 75th birthday of Alexander Nikolayevich Bozhinsky 

New books

  • Kasimov N.S., Tikunov V.S. Technologies of forecasting and prevention of natural disasters 

Версия для печати

Полезные ресурсыФотогалереяСотрудникам

Диссертации

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Публикации

География. Страноведение. 7 класс
Климанова О.А., Климанов В.В., Ким Э.В., Сиротин В.И.
2014. Подробнее Все 

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Предлагаем программы дополнительного образования в сфере устойчивого развития, экологии, рационального природопользования, ... Подробнее